On 14 July 1994, a week after they had taken Kigali – the capital of Rwanda, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) gained control of the extremist Hutu stronghold in Ruhengeri, the main town in north Rwanda – causing Rwandan Hutus to flee across the border into neighbouring Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo).
Three days later, on 17 July, Gisenyi, a town close to the border and the last bastion for extremist Hutu forces, fell to the RPF. One hundred days after the beginning of the genocide, the RPF set up an interim Government in Kigali. The genocide in Rwanda was officially over.
Between the 6 April and the 17 July 1994 close to one million Tutsis and moderate Hutus were murdered in Rwanda. Many more were maimed and scarred for life. Many women and girls who had been raped contracted HIV and continue to live with the consequences today.
Find out more about:
- remembering the Genocide in Rwanda 20 years on
- the testimony of survivors such as Freddy Mutanguha and Appolinaire Kageruka
Image: © Cellanr (Creative Commons)