Following the outbreak of World War Two the Nazis stepped up their persecution of the Jewish population by imprisoning men, women and children in ghettos and taking other actions to reduce and restrict the rights of Jews.  On 31 July 1941, Nazi leader Hermann Goering authorised SS General Reinhard Heydrich to make preparations for the implementation of a ‘complete solution of the Jewish question’.

By September of that year thousands of Jews had been murdered in mass shootings or gassings by mobile killing units and six killing centres – Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka, Majdanek, Chełmno and Auschwitz-Birkenau were established over the following months.

The ‘Final Solution’ called for the complete extermination of Europe’s Jewish population.  Approximately six million Jewish men, women and children were murdered between 1939 and 1945.

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  • July