Darfur is a region in the west of Sudan, bordering Chad in north-east Africa. Before the conflict Darfur had an ethnically mixed population of around six million, with both Black Africans and Arabs.
In 2003, a civil war began in the region between the sedentary population of farmers and the nomadic population, who have been supported by the Sudanese Government. The Sudanese Government has supported Arab militia – the Janjaweed – who have destroyed hundreds of villages and murdered thousands of people. These atrocities have been condemned as genocide by the International Criminal Court and several governments around the world.
This civil war has led to the deaths of between 200,000 and 400,000 civilians, although reporting varies greatly, as it is difficult for the international peacekeepers to keep accurate records. Up to 2.5 million people are still displaced in Darfur. They have been forced to flee their homes to makeshift refugee camps in Darfur or Chad run by international aid agencies.
Darfur: Genocide Today - A free education and information guide
If you would like to learn more about the situation in Darfur or teach others about the ongoing genocide, HMDT has produced a free resource to help. The guide explains the history and context of the ongoing conflict, examining the definition of genocide and considering the key challenges that face the region today. The resource is accompanied by a introductory video, featuring Loai, a survivor of the Genocide in Darfur, who explains why it is important to understand and learn more about Darfur.