Despite the ICC indictments, and labelling by the US Congress of the deaths of hundreds of thousands of people as genocide, international intervention in the conflict has been limited.

An African Union force of 7,000 troops was deployed in 2004 but was understaffed and did not have the mandate to intervene to prevent atrocities – just to monitor them.

International non-governmental organisations around the world held a Global Day for Darfur in September 2006 and 2007 calling on the International Community to protect civilians and for the Sudanese Government to allow the United Nations into the region.

In 2007 the UN upgraded the international military presence in Darfur by creating the African Union-United Nations Mission in Darfur (UNAMID). In July 2016 UNAMID had 13,766 military personnel, 1,491 police advisers, 1,811 formed police unit officers, 873 international civilian staff, 167 United Nations volunteers, and 2,284 national civilian staff. The troops are largely from African countries.

The Sudanese Government has called for UNAMID to be withdrawn, but the UN Secretary General has advised the Security Council to renew the UNAMID mandate each year. Most recently the mandate has been renewed to June 2018.

In 2009, the International Criminal Court issued a warrant for the arrest of Sudan’s President on charges of Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes in Darfur. To date, he has not been arrested and was recently re-elected. A second round of indictments was issued by the ICC in July 2010, this time incorporating charges of genocide.

Brian Steidle attempted to bring the Genocide to the world’s attention after serving as an Captain in the American Marines in Darfur.