On 12 July 2010 the International Criminal Court (ICC) charged the Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir with three counts of genocide committed during the conflict in Darfur on three African tribes – Fur, Masalit and Zaghawa. The ICC issued an arrest warrant against al-Bashir accusing him of:

  • genocide by killing
  • genocide by causing serious bodily or mental harm
  • genocide by deliberately inflicting on each target group conditions of life calculated to bring about the group’s physical destruction

This was the first time an arrest warrant for genocide had been issued by the ICC and it followed an earlier arrest warrant against al-Bashir in 2009 for war crimes and crimes against humanity. The charges concerned the conflict between groups of Darfuri rebels and the Janjaweed, an armed militia supported by the Sudanese government. To date, al-Bashir has not been arrested for the crimes he is charged with and has been able to travel to many other countries since the indictment was first issued. 

This ongoing civil war has resulted in the deaths of between 200,000 and 400,000 civilians and a further 2.5 million people have been forced to flee their homes.

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